About me

Research expertise: Author of  82 publications, 39 refereed publications and 17 as a first author and first and sole author of a book published by IOP, recipient of several fellowships and scholarships such as the AAS Chretienne Fellowship. High energy astrophysics, gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), selection bias, statistical methods for astronomical data and active galactic nuclei. Discoverer of the Dainotti relations in GRB afterglows between the luminosity at the end of the plateau phase, La, and its rest frame duration, Ta, and in GRB prompt-afterglow between La and the peak luminosity of the prompt mission, Lpeak. The first relation indicates that the more luminous the plateau phase is, the shorter its duration, i.e., the more powerful the phenomenon is, the quicker it consumes its energy. The second relation shows that the prompt luminosity is proportional to the luminosity at the end of the plateau phase. An extension of these two relations led to the discovery of a fundamental plane for GRB afterglows. The application of these relations in combination with supernovae Type Ia (SNe Ia) and cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) led to obtaining compatible results with these previous probes showing the validity of these relations as cosmological tools.

 

Contact: mdainott@stanford.edu

 

Summary of key achievements:

  1. 15 years of experience in research on high energy astrophysical phenomena, such as Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs).
  2. The discovery of several important relations (named the Dainotti relations) that exist among relevant parameters in GRB prompt and afterglow emission. This discovery has contributed to further our understanding of the GRB emission mechanism. The results of these analyses are presented in the Astrophysical Journal (ApJ) and APJ Letters, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Main Journal (MNRAS) and MNRAS Letters.
  3. The study of the use of GRBs as valuable cosmological tools in combination with SNe Ia and CMB to infer cosmological parameters such as the dark energy and dark matter content, Hubble constant, value of the equation of state parameter of the dark energy, w, and the rate of acceleration of the expansion of the universe. The aim is to understand the implications for cosmological models and to map the evolutionary history of the Universe from today until and beyond the epoch of re-ionization.
  4. Evaluation of selection effects and/or cosmological evolutions through robust statistical techniques. I demonstrated that the Dainotti relations are bias-free correlations and can be useful as cosmological tools and model discriminators. These statistical techniques can be applied to any extragalactic object (besides GRBs) that undergo a redshift evolution and a selection bias due to instrumental truncation, such as SNe Ia, galaxy clusters, Active Galactic Nuclei, etc.
  5. Investigation of the possible existence of a cosmic ray cocoon along M87 jet boundaries.
  6. Received the Knighthood of the Italian Republic, the order of merit of the Italian Republic, the highest recognition in Italy, for excellence in the field of Astrophysics. This prize is among the highest recognition in Italy. Notably, I was awarded this prize at the age of 34, when it is typically awarded to individuals over the age of 35. The ceremony took place in the historic Quirinale Palace in Rome the 8th of March 2013.
  7. Named RIKEN Fellow of the Week, Japan, in 2014.
  8. Received several Fellowships and grants, among those: the Marie Curie Global Fellowship, the Japanese Society for Promotion of Science, the Fulbright, the American Astronomical Society Chretienne grant, the Blanceflor Boncompagni Ludovisi etc, for details see the scholarships and fellowships sections
  9. Received the International Principessa Sichelgaita Prize on the 4th of June 2018. This is a prestigious international award that enjoys the patronage of the Chamber of Deputy, the Senate, and the Presidency of the Italian Republic. Received the medal from the Presidency of the Italian Republic. The Prize promotes women from the South of Italy who have distinguished themselves and have become a role model in their category at the national and international levels.
  10. Named Marie Curie’ Fellow of the week 26th of April 2019 from Marie Curie Programme Scheme. The award has been notified on the 29th of October 2018.
  11. Distinguished Fellow of the City of Cava dei Tirreni, the home town of the fellow. This award is given to people who have distinguished in any discipline for their contribution and currently are abroad. Award will be given on the 15th of December by the major of the city and by the President of the Rotary Club of the same city. This prize enjoys the patronage of the Rotary Club.
  12. Selected for an interview from Marie Curie’ media as Marie Curie’ success stories, published in April 2019.
  13. Special guest of honor at the Fulbright Alumni event held in Rome 30th of September 2019 as a successful example of Fulbright Alumni.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contact: mdainott@stanford.edu